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    Canada is Washed By: Explore Our Stunning Coastlines


    Welcome to the land of pristine beauty! Canada is characterized by its stunning coastlines that stretch over 202,080 km, making it the longest coastline in the world. The country is washed by a diverse range of water bodies, including the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Arctic Ocean. Canada’s coastline is a treasure trove of natural wonders, from sandy beaches to rugged cliffs, each with its unique charm and attractions.

    Canada’s Coastal Geography

    Canada boasts the longest coastline in the world, stretching over 202,080 kilometers (125,567 miles) and bordering three oceans: the Atlantic, Arctic, and Pacific. With such a vast expanse of shoreline, the country’s coastal geography is incredibly diverse and includes everything from sandy beaches to rugged fjords.

    Eastern Coastline

    Canada’s eastern coastline is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and boasts a range of unique geological formations. The region is home to the rugged coastline of Newfoundland and Labrador, which features stunning fjords and towering cliffs. The Bay of Fundy, located between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, is famous for its extreme tides, which can reach up to 16 meters (53 feet) in height.

    Western Coastline

    On the opposite side of the country, Canada’s western coastline is bordered by the Pacific Ocean and boasts a wide range of landscapes. The coast of British Columbia is characterized by its many inlets and fjords, while the beaches of Vancouver Island attract visitors from around the world. The mountains of the Pacific Coast Ranges create a stunning backdrop for coastal towns like Tofino, which is known for its world-class surfing.

    In between, the northern coastline of British Columbia and the southern Yukon have a rugged and wild terrain with strong indigenous roots and breathtaking scenery.

    Overall, Canada’s coastal geography is incredibly diverse and offers a range of landscapes to explore. Whether visitors are seeking rocky cliffs, sandy beaches, or calm bays and inlets, Canada has a coastline that is sure to impress.

    Canada’s Ocean Borders

    As the second-largest country in the world, Canada is washed by three oceans – the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic Oceans. The country has the longest coastline in the world, stretching over 202,080 km.

    Atlantic Ocean

    Canada’s east coast is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, which covers an area of approximately 106.4 million km². The Atlantic coast is known for its stunning beaches, picturesque villages, and rich culture. It is also home to the world’s largest tidal range, the Bay of Fundy, which has tides that can reach up to 16 meters in height.

    Pacific Ocean

    The Pacific Ocean borders Canada’s west coast and covers an area of approximately 165.2 million km². The Pacific coast is known for its rugged coastline, towering peaks, and dense rainforests. It is also home to a diverse range of marine life, including whales, sea lions, and salmon.

    Arctic Ocean

    Canada’s northern coast is on the Arctic Ocean. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest of the world’s oceans, covering an area of approximately 14.05 million km². The Arctic coast is known for its unique wildlife, including polar bears, narwhals, and beluga whales. It is also home to the Northern Lights, a natural light display in the sky that is a must-see experience for visitors.

    Canada’s ocean borders provide a diverse range of breathtaking landscapes and wildlife, making it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike.

    Major Water Bodies Surrounding Canada

    Canada is surrounded by a number of major water bodies, each with its own unique characteristics and attractions. Let’s take a closer look at these bodies of water:

    Water Body Location Features
    Great Lakes Shared with the United States The Great Lakes consist of five interconnected freshwater lakes, and are the largest group of freshwater lakes in the world by total area. They are a popular destination for boating and fishing, as well as other recreational activities.
    Arctic Ocean North of Canada The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world’s five oceans. It is home to a unique range of marine life, including whales, seals, and polar bears. The Northern Lights, a natural light display, are also visible in this region.

    In addition to these major water bodies, Canada is also home to many smaller lakes, rivers, and streams that provide important habitats for a wide variety of wildlife.

    Scenic Beaches

    Canada’s coastlines boast some of the most beautiful and awe-inspiring beaches in the world. From the rugged shores of the Pacific Northwest to the sandy beaches of the Atlantic coast, there is something for everyone to enjoy.

    Long Beach, British Columbia

    Located in Pacific Rim National Park Reserve on Vancouver Island, Long Beach is one of the most scenic beaches in Canada. With over 16km of sandy shoreline, visitors can enjoy activities such as surfing, swimming, and beachcombing. The beach is also home to a variety of wildlife, including sea lions and whales.

    Cavendish Beach, Prince Edward Island

    Cavendish Beach is known for its stunning red sand and striking views. This beach is perfect for families, with plenty of activities available, including swimming, kayaking, and exploring the dunes. Visitors can also learn about the area’s history by visiting the nearby Green Gables Heritage Place.

    Singing Sands Beach, Ontario

    Located on Lake Huron’s Bruce Peninsula, Singing Sands Beach is famous for its unique singing sand dunes. When the sand is dry and the wind is blowing, visitors can hear a low hum, similar to the sound of a distant airplane. The beach is also great for swimming, hiking, and picnicking.

    Parlee Beach, New Brunswick

    Parlee Beach is one of Canada’s most popular beaches, with its warm waters and soft sand making it a great spot for swimming and lounging. Visitors can also enjoy beach volleyball, picnics, and watching the sun set over the water. The nearby town of Shediac is known as the “Lobster Capital of the World” and is a great place to enjoy fresh seafood.

    Canada’s coastline is a treasure trove of stunning beaches, each with its own unique features and attractions. Whether you’re looking for adventure or relaxation, there is a beach in Canada for everyone to enjoy.

    Rugged Cliffs

    Canada is home to some of the most breathtaking coastal landscapes in the world. Among these are its rugged cliffs, which offer dramatic views of the sea and surrounding landscapes. These geological formations are the result of millions of years of erosion and movement of the earth’s crust.

    The highest cliffs in Canada can be found in Newfoundland and Labrador, with the stunning coastline of Gros Morne National Park often cited as a top destination for cliff enthusiasts. The cliffs here soar up to 2,000 feet above the Atlantic Ocean, offering visitors the chance to take in unparalleled vistas of the rocky shoreline and the open sea.

    The Hopewell Rocks

    The Hopewell Rocks in New Brunswick are another popular destination for those looking to experience Canada’s rugged cliffs. These unique formations have been shaped over time by the powerful Fundy tides, which expose and erode the rockface twice each day. Visitors can explore the coves and caves carved out by the tides at low tide, while high tide provides the chance to witness the awe-inspiring sight of the surging Bay of Fundy waters.

    Other notable cliff formations in Canada include the Cabot Trail in Nova Scotia, Acadia National Park in Maine, and the Sea-to-Sky Highway in British Columbia. Whether you’re looking for a leisurely stroll along a scenic coastal walkway or an adrenaline-fueled day of rock climbing, Canada’s rugged cliffs offer something for everyone.

    Canadian Marine Boundaries

    As a coastal nation, Canada has a significant stake in managing its marine resources. The country’s marine boundaries are defined by its coastline and the various bodies of water that surround it.

    Canada’s exclusive economic zone extends 200 nautical miles (370 km) from its coastlines, giving it jurisdiction over a vast swath of ocean. Within this zone, Canada has the exclusive right to explore, exploit, conserve, and manage the natural resources found in its waters.

    Canada’s Ocean Borders

    The Atlantic Ocean borders Canada’s east coast, while the Pacific Ocean borders its west coast. These coastlines are vast and diverse, offering unique opportunities for exploration and enjoyment.

    Canada also has a coastline along the Arctic Ocean, which is located in the country’s northern region. This coastline is becoming increasingly important as melting sea ice opens up new opportunities for shipping and resource exploration.

    Protecting Canada’s Marine Resources

    Canada has a responsibility to protect its marine resources for future generations. The country has implemented various measures to ensure the sustainability of its fisheries and other ocean-based industries. These include regulations to prevent overfishing, initiatives to protect marine habitats, and efforts to reduce marine pollution.

    Canada is also committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions to combat climate change, which poses a significant threat to the health of our oceans and marine ecosystems.

    By working to protect its marine resources, Canada can ensure that its coastlines remain beautiful and diverse for years to come.

    Coastal Activities and Wildlife

    Canada’s stunning coastlines offer a diverse range of activities and wildlife experiences for visitors and locals alike. Whether you’re looking to catch a glimpse of majestic whales or catch a wave on a surfboard, the possibilities are endless.

    Whale Watching

    No trip to Canada’s coastlines would be complete without a whale watching adventure. From May to October, visitors can spot a variety of whale species, including humpback, orca, and grey whales, among others. Book a tour with a reputable company for an unforgettable experience.


    If you’re looking for some excitement, why not try surfing? Tofino, located on Vancouver Island, is a popular spot for surfers of all skill levels. With its stunning natural beauty and world-class waves, it’s no wonder that Tofino is known as one of the best surf destinations in North America.


    Kayaking is another popular activity along Canada’s coastlines. It’s a peaceful way to explore the shoreline and get up close to the wildlife. You may even spot sea otters, seals, and other marine animals along the way. Book a guided tour or rent a kayak and explore on your own.


    Canada’s coastlines are also a prime location for fishing enthusiasts. With its abundance of salmon, halibut, and other fish species, it’s no wonder that fishing is a popular activity here. Book a guided tour for the best experience and tips on the best fishing spots.

    Wildlife Viewing

    Aside from whales and other marine animals, Canada’s coastlines are home to a variety of wildlife species, including bears, eagles, and seabirds. Take a wildlife tour or explore on your own, but be sure to follow all safety guidelines and respect the animals’ natural habitat.

    With so many activities and wildlife experiences to enjoy, Canada’s coastlines are the perfect destination for nature lovers and adventure seekers alike.

    Coastal Conservation and Sustainability

    Canada’s stunning coastlines are not only beautiful and unique but also integral to the country’s economy and environment. To ensure their preservation, Canada has made significant efforts to promote coastal conservation and sustainability.

    One of Canada’s most notable initiatives is the establishment of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), which are designated areas that restrict certain human activities to protect marine life and ecosystems. As of 2021, Canada has 14 MPAs, covering over 14% of the country’s marine and coastal areas. These MPAs not only protect marine biodiversity but also support ecotourism and provide recreational opportunities for Canadians and visitors.

    In addition to MPAs, Canada has also implemented sustainable fishing practices through the Fisheries Act, which ensures the protection of fish populations and their habitats. The government has also committed to reducing plastic waste and improving ocean health by banning single-use plastics and investing in ocean cleanup efforts.

    Overall, Canada recognizes the importance of coastal conservation and sustainability, not only for the well-being of marine ecosystems but also for the country’s tourism industry and economy. By utilizing sustainable practices and protecting Canada’s valuable coastal resources, the country can ensure a healthy and vibrant future for generations to come.

    Exploring Canada’s Coastlines

    Canada’s stunning coastlines offer a wealth of opportunities for visitors and locals alike. Whether you’re seeking adventure or relaxation, there’s no shortage of things to see and do along Canada’s shores.

    Popular Destinations

    If you’re looking to visit some of Canada’s most popular coastal destinations, you can’t go wrong with places like Tofino in British Columbia or Peggy’s Cove in Nova Scotia. These locations offer a range of activities such as surfing, hiking, and whale watching.

    Destination Province Top Activity
    Tofino British Columbia Surfing
    Peggy’s Cove Nova Scotia Whale Watching

    Hidden Gems

    If you’re looking for something a little more off the beaten path, consider checking out some of Canada’s lesser-known coastal destinations. Places like Manitoulin Island in Ontario or Juan de Fuca Provincial Park in British Columbia offer stunning landscapes and unique experiences.

    • Manitoulin Island, Ontario
    • Juan de Fuca Provincial Park, British Columbia

    Coastal Activities

    There’s no shortage of activities to enjoy along Canada’s coastlines. From hiking and camping to fishing and kayaking, there’s something for everyone. If you’re looking for something a little more relaxed, consider taking a scenic drive along one of Canada’s coastal routes.


    Canada’s coastlines are home to a diverse range of wildlife, including whales, seals, and various bird species. Whale watching tours are a popular activity in many coastal regions, as are trips to seal colonies and birdwatching sites.

    Be Prepared

    When exploring Canada’s coastlines, it’s important to be prepared for changing weather conditions and to respect the natural environment. Make sure to dress appropriately, bring sunscreen and insect repellent, and adhere to any posted warnings or restrictions.

    With so much to see and do, Canada’s coastlines offer endless opportunities for adventure and discovery. So why not start planning your coastal adventure today?


    Canada’s coastlines are truly a natural wonder, boasting breathtaking landscapes and a diverse range of ecosystems. From the rugged cliffs of the west coast to the pristine beaches of the east coast, there is something for everyone to enjoy. Whether you’re a local or a visitor, exploring Canada’s coastlines will undoubtedly leave you with unforgettable memories.

    Protecting Canada’s Coastlines

    It’s important to remember that with the beauty of these coastlines comes a responsibility to protect them for future generations. Canada has made significant efforts in coastal conservation and sustainability, including initiatives to reduce plastic waste and protect marine life. We can all do our part by being mindful of our impact on the environment and taking steps to reduce our carbon footprint.

    Exploring Canada’s Coastlines

    If you’re planning a trip to Canada, be sure to add the coastlines to your itinerary. From the remote stretches of the Arctic to the charming fishing villages of the east coast, there is no shortage of stunning destinations to visit. Whether you’re seeking adventure or relaxation, Canada’s coastlines have it all.

    When exploring these coastlines, be sure to follow any regulations or guidelines set in place to protect the environment. And don’t forget to take plenty of photos – you’ll want to capture the beauty of these landscapes and share them with others.

    In conclusion, Canada’s coastlines are a national treasure that should be cherished and celebrated. By taking steps to protect these valuable ecosystems and enjoying them responsibly, we can ensure that they remain a source of natural wonder for generations to come.


    Q: What does this section cover?

    A: This section introduces and explores Canada’s stunning coastlines, discussing its diverse landscapes and the bodies of water that wash its shores.

    Q: What is Canada’s coastal geography like?

    A: Canada’s coastal geography is diverse, featuring a range of landscapes including beaches, cliffs, and other distinctive features.

    Q: Which oceans border Canada?

    A: Canada is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, each offering unique characteristics and attractions.

    Q: What are the major water bodies surrounding Canada?

    A: Canada is surrounded by major water bodies such as the Great Lakes, which are shared with the United States, and the Arctic Ocean located in the country’s north.

    Q: Can you recommend scenic beaches in Canada?

    A: Yes! Canada is home to a variety of beautiful and picturesque beaches. In this section, we will showcase some of the most scenic ones, highlighting their unique features and attractions.

    Q: What should I know about Canada’s rugged cliffs?

    A: Canada’s rugged cliffs offer dramatic landscapes and breathtaking views. In this section, we will explore their beauty and mention notable cliff formations in the country.

    Q: What are Canada’s marine boundaries?

    A: Canada’s marine boundaries include its exclusive economic zone. In this section, we will discuss the country’s rights and responsibilities in managing its marine resources.

    Q: What activities and wildlife can be found along Canada’s coastlines?

    A: Canada’s coastlines offer a diverse range of activities and wildlife. From whale watching to surfing, this section will cover the various experiences available to visitors and locals.

    Q: What is being done for coastal conservation and sustainability in Canada?

    A: Canada takes coastal conservation and sustainability seriously. This section will highlight the efforts made to protect these valuable ecosystems and ensure their preservation.

    Q: Do you have any tips for exploring Canada’s coastlines?

    A: Absolutely! In this section, we will provide practical tips and recommendations for exploring Canada’s coastlines, including popular tourist destinations and lesser-known hidden gems.

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